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September 11 - Osama bin Laden and the Evidence. Evidence against Osama bin Laden and his organization who are wanted by world governments for acts of terrorism at the WTC in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington on 9-11-2001. September 11 - Osama bin Laden and the Evidence. Evidence against Osama bin Laden and his organization who are wanted by world governments for acts of terrorism at the WTC in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington on 9-11-2001.
Click here for a large image of Osama bin Laden seen with a known accomplice in the terrorist attacks.
September 11 - Osama bin Laden and the Evidence. Evidence against Osama bin Laden and his organization who are wanted by world governments for acts of terrorism at the WTC in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington on 9-11-2001.
September 11 - Osama bin Laden and the Evidence. Evidence against Osama bin Laden and his organization who are wanted by world governments for acts of terrorism at the WTC in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington on 9-11-2001. The Evidence Against Osama bin Laden and the
Al-Qaeda for the Planning of the September 11 Attacks.

The December 13, 2001 Pentagon Videotape and
the October 3, 2001 U.K. Government Evidence.
The Evidence Against Osama bin Laden
Editor's Comments

On November 9, 2001, in the southern Afghanistan city of Kandahar, Osama bin Laden met a Saudi cleric
and several al-Qaeda members for dinner. A home-movie was recorded of the conversation, and the
videotape was discovered weeks later in an abandoned private house in Jalalabad. The tape is about one hour
long and is comprised of three segments. Two segments are of Osama bin Laden's conversations in a room,
and another segment shows footage of a U.S. helicopter crash site in Ghazni province.

U.S. President George W. Bush viewed the tape on November 30th, and he indicated that if the authenticity
of the tape could be verified then he wanted the video released to the world. On December 9, 2001 the
Washington Post, quoting senior U.S. officials, broke the story of the Osama bin Laden videotape. The
Washington Post story likely hurried the release of the tape, and on December 13th the video was
released to news agencies and broadcast later that morning across America and worldwide.
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NYC Time Square
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NYC Fire Department
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Atlanta CNN Center
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Arlington Newseum
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NYC Jarvis Center
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NYC TV Store
To ensure the authenticity of the videotape, the U.S. utilized the latest voice and face identification techniques,
and although the quality of the videotape is poor, teams of Arabic translators spent days listening to the tape
to make sure the audible text of the conversations were accurately translated.

After the release of the tape, many newspapers in the Arab world played down the significance of the video.
Some Arabic news agencies questioned the authenticity of the video, which brought a strong response from
 U.S. President Bush who said, "This is bin Laden unedited. It's preposterous for anybody to think that this tape
is doctored. That's just a feeble excuse to provide weak support for an incredibly evil man."

The videotape is called a "smoking gun" and represents the clearest  evidence released to date of Osama
bin Laden's part in the planning of the September 11 attacks. The text of the conversations clearly indicates
that Osama bin Laden knew about the attacks days before and that he had participated in the planning. The
obvious glee and laughter in the room when the group trades their September 11 stories bears witness to the
"evil" that lurks within the men of al-Qaeda.

In addition to images and the text of the December 13th videotape released by the Pentagon, this section
includes the complete detailed evidence against Osama bin Laden as released by Tony Blair's U.K. government
on October 3, 2001.

The Complete Text of the Osama bin Laden Videotape
Released by the Pentagon on December 13, 2001.
Click on the videotape photos for a larger image.
Television images released by the Pentagon.
Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image.
Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image.
Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image. Click on the December 13th Pentagon videotape photo of Osama bin Laden for a larger image.
As Released by the Pentagon on Thursday, December 13, 2001:

Note: "UBL" is Usama (Osama) bin Laden speaking.

(Transcript and annotations independently prepared by George Michael, translator, Diplomatic
Language Services; and Dr. Kassem M. Wahba, Arabic language program coordinator, School of
Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. They collaborated on their translation
and compared it with translations done by the U.S. government for consistency. There were no
inconsistencies in the translations.)

In mid-November, Usama Bin Laden spoke to a room of supporters, possibly in Qandahar, Afghanistan. These
comments were video taped with the knowledge of Bin Laden and all present.

Note: The tape is approximately one hour long and contains three different segments: an original taping of a
visit by some people to the site of the downed U.S. helicopter in Ghazni province (approximately 12 minutes
long); and two segments documenting a courtesy visit by Bin Laden and his lieutenants to an unidentified
Shaykh, who appears crippled from the waist down. The visit apparently takes place at a guesthouse in
Qandahar. The sequence of the events is reversed on the tape- the end of his visit is in the beginning of the
tape with the helicopter site visit in the middle and the start of the Usama bin Laden visit beginning
approximately 39 minutes into the tape. The tape is transcribed below according to the proper sequence
of events.

Due to the quality of the original tape, it is NOT a verbatim transcript of every word spoken during the
meeting, but does convey the messages and information flow.

EDITOR’S NOTE: 39 minutes into tape, first segment of the bin Laden meeting, begins after footage of
helicopter site visit.

Shaykh: (...inaudible...) You have given us weapons, you have given us hope and we thank Allah for you.
We don’t want to take much of your time, but this is the arrangement of the brothers. People now are
supporting us more, even those ones who did not support us in the past, support us more now. I did not want
to take that much of your time. We praise Allah, we praise Allah. We came from Kabul. We were very pleased
to visit. May Allah bless you both at home and the camp. We asked the driver to take us, it was a night with a
full moon, thanks be to Allah. Believe me it is not in the country side. The elderly...everybody praises what
you did, the great action you did, which was first and foremost by the grace of Allah. This is the guidance of
Allah and the blessed fruit of jihad.

UBL: Thanks to Allah. What is the stand of the Mosques there (in Saudi Arabia)?

Shaykh: Honestly, they are very positive. Shaykh Al-Bahrani (phonetic) gave a good sermon in his class after
the sunset prayers. It was videotaped and I was supposed to carry it with me, but unfortunately, I had to
leave immediately.

UBL: The day of the events?

Shaykh: At the exact time of the attack on America, precisely at the time. He (Bahrani) gave a very
impressive sermon. Thanks be to Allah for his blessings. He (Bahrani) was the first one to write at war
time. I visited him twice in Al-Qasim.

UBL: Thanks be to Allah.

Shaykh: This is what I asked from Allah. He (Bahrani) told the youth: “You are asking for martyrdom and
wonder where you should go (for martyrdom)?” Allah was inciting them to go. I asked Allah to grant me to
witness the truth in front of the unjust ruler. We ask Allah to protect him and give him the martyrdom, after
he issued the first fatwa. He was detained for interrogation, as you know. When he was called in and asked
to sign, he told them, "don’t waste my time, I have another fatwa. If you want me, I can sign both at the
same time."

UBL: Thanks be to Allah.

Shaykh: His position is really very encouraging. When I paid him the first visit about a year and half ago, he
asked me, “How is Shaykh Bin-Ladin?” He sends you his special regards. As far as Shaykh Sulayman ‘Ulwan
is concerned, he gave a beautiful fatwa, may Allah bless him. Miraculously, I heard it on the Quran radio
station. It was strange because he (‘Ulwan) sacrificed his position, which is equivalent to a director. It was
transcribed word-by-word. The brothers listened to it in detail. I briefly heard it before the noon prayers. He
(‘Ulwan) said this was jihad and those people were not innocent people (World Trade Center and Pentagon
victims). He swore to Allah. This was transmitted to Shaykh Sulayman Al ((‘Umar)) Allah bless him.

UBL: What about Shaykh Al-((Rayan))?

Shaykh: Honestly, I did not meet with him. My movements were truly limited.

UBL: Allah bless you. You are welcome.

Shaykh: (Describing the trip to the meeting) They smuggled us and then I thought that we would be in
different caves inside the mountains so I was surprised at the guest house and that it is very clean and
comfortable. Thanks be to Allah, we also learned that this location is safe, by Allah’s blessings. The place is
clean and we are very comfortable.

UBL: (...Inaudible...) when people see a strong horse and a weak horse, by nature, they will like the strong
horse. This is only one goal; those who want people to worship the lord of the people, without following that
doctrine, will be following the doctrine of Muhammad, peace be upon him. (UBL quotes several short and
incomplete Hadith verses, as follows): “I was ordered to fight the people until they say there is no god but
Allah, and his prophet Muhammad.” “Some people may ask: why do you want to fight us?” “There is an
association between those who say: I believe in one god and Muhammad is his prophet, and those who don’t
(...inaudible...) “Those who do not follow the true fiqh. The fiqh of Muhammad, the real fiqh. They are just
accepting what is being said at face value.”

UBL: Those youth who conducted the operations did not accept any fiqh in the popular terms, but they
accepted the fiqh that the prophet Muhammad brought. Those young men (...inaudible...) said in deeds, in
New York and Washington, speeches that overshadowed all other speeches made everywhere else in the
world. The speeches are understood by both Arabs and non-Arabs-even by Chinese. It is above all the media
said. Some of them said that in Holland, at one of the centers, the number of people who accepted Islam
during the days that followed the operations were more than the people who accepted Islam in the last
eleven years. I heard someone on Islamic radio who owns a school in America say: “We don’t have time to
keep up with the demands of those who are asking about Islamic books to learn about Islam.” This event
made people think (about true Islam) which benefited Islam greatly.

Shaykh: Hundreds of people used to doubt you and few only would follow you until this huge event happened.
Now hundreds of people are coming out to join you. I remember a vision by Shaykh Salih Al-((Shuaybi)). He
said: “There will be a great hit and people will go out by hundreds to Afghanistan.” I asked him (Salih): “To
Afghanistan?” He replied, “Yes.” According to him, the only ones who stay behind will be the mentally impotent
and the liars (hypocrites). I remembered his saying that hundreds of people will go out to Afghanistan. He had
this vision a year ago. This event discriminated between the different types of followers.

UBL: (...Inaudible...) we calculated in advance the number of casualties from the enemy, who would be killed
based on the position of the tower. We calculated that the floors that would be hit would be three or four floors.
I was the most optimistic of them all. (...Inaudible...) due to my experience in this field, I was thinking that the
fire from the gas in the plane would melt the iron structure of the building and collapse the area where the
plane hit and all the floors above it only. This is all that we had hoped for.

Shaykh: Allah be praised.

UBL: We were at (...inaudible...) when the event took place. We had notification since the previous Thursday
that the event would take place that day. We had finished our work that day and had the radio on. It was
5:30 p.m. our time. I was sitting with Dr. Ahmad Abu-al-((Khair)). Immediately, we heard the news that a
plane had hit the World Trade Center. We turned the radio station to the news from Washington. The news
continued and no mention of the attack until the end. At the end of the newscast, they reported that a plane
just hit the World Trade Center.

Shaykh: Allah be praised.

UBL: After a little while, they announced that another plane had hit the World Trade Center. The brothers
who heard the news were overjoyed by it.

Shaykh: I listened to the news and I was sitting. We didn't...we were not thinking about anything, and all of
a sudden, Allah willing, we were talking about how come we didn't have anything, and all of a sudden the
news came and everyone was overjoyed and everyone until the next day, in the morning, was talking about
what was happening and we stayed until four o'clock, listening to the news every time a little bit different,
everyone was very joyous and saying “Allah is great,” “Allah is great,” “We are thankful to Allah,” “Praise
Allah.” And I was happy for the happiness of my brothers. That day the congratulations were coming on the
phone non-stop. The mother was receiving phone calls continuously. Thank Allah. Allah is great, praise be to
Allah. (Quoting the verse from the Quran)

Shaykh: “Fight them, Allah will torture them, with your hands, he will torture them. He will deceive them and
he will give you victory. Allah will forgive the believers, he is knowledgeable about everything.”

Shaykh: No doubt it is a clear victory. Allah has bestowed on us...honor on us...and he will give us blessing
and more victory during this holy month of Ramadan. And this is what everyone is hoping for. Thank Allah
America came out of its caves. We hit her the first hit and the next one will hit her with the hands of the
believers, the good believers, the strong believers. By Allah it is a great work. Allah prepares for you a great
reward for this work. I'm sorry to speak in your presence, but it is just thoughts, just thoughts. By Allah, who
there is no god but him. I live in happiness, happiness...I have not experienced, or felt, in a long time. I
remember, the words of Al-Rabbani, he said they made a coalition against us in the winter with the infidels like
the Turks, and others, and some other Arabs. And they surrounded us like the the days of the
prophet Muhammad. Exactly like what's happening right now. But he comforted his followers and said, "This
is going to turn and hit them back." And it is a mercy for us. And a blessing to us. And it will bring people back.
Look how wise he was. And Allah will give him blessing. And the day will come when the symbols of Islam will
rise up and it will be similar to the early days of Al-Mujahedeen and Al-Ansar (similar to the early years of
Islam). And victory to those who follow Allah. Finally said, if it is the same, like the old days, such as Abu Bakr
and Othman and Ali and others. In these days, in our times, that it will be the greatest jihad in the history of
Islam and the resistance of the wicked people.

Shaykh: By Allah my Shaykh. We congratulate you for the great work. Thank Allah.

Tape ends here.

Second segment of Bin Laden’s visit, shows up at the front of the tape.

UBL: Abdallah Azzam, Allah bless his soul, told me not to record anything (...inaudible...) so I thought that
was a good omen, and Allah will bless us (...inaudible...). Abu-Al-Hasan Al-((Masri)), who appeared on
Al-Jazeera TV a couple of days ago and addressed the Americans saying: “If you are true men, come down
here and face us.” (...inaudible...) He told me a year ago: “I saw in a dream, we were playing a soccer game
against the Americans. When our team showed up in the field, they were all pilots!” He said: “So I wondered if
that was a soccer game or a pilot game? Our players were pilots.” He (Abu-Al-Hasan) didn’t know anything
about the operation until he heard it on the radio. He said the game went on and we defeated them. That was
a good omen for us.

Shaykh: May Allah be blessed.

Unidentified Man Off Camera: Abd Al Rahman Al-(Ghamri) said he saw a vision, before the operation, a
plane crashed into a tall building. He knew nothing about it.

Shaykh: May Allah be blessed!

Sulayman ((Abu Guaith)): I was sitting with the Shaykh in a room, then I left to go to another room where
there was a TV set. The TV broadcasted the big event. The scene was showing an Egyptian family sitting in
their living room, they exploded with joy. Do you know when there is a soccer game and your team wins, it
was the same expression of joy. There was a subtitle that read: “In revenge for the children of Al Aqsa’,
Usama Bin Ladin executes an operation against America.” So I went back to the Shaykh (meaning UBL) who
was sitting in a room with 50 to 60 people. I tried to tell him about what I saw, but he made gesture with his
hands, meaning: “I know, I know…”

UBL: He did not know about the operation. Not everybody knew (...inaudible...). Muhammad ((Atta)) from
the Egyptian family (meaning the Al Qa’ida Egyptian group), was in charge of the group.

Shaykh: A plane crashing into a tall building was out of anyone's imagination. This was a great job. He was
one of the pious men in the organization. He became a martyr. Allah bless his soul.

Shaykh (Referring to dreams and visions): The plane that he saw crashing into the building was seen before
by more than one person. One of the good religious people has left everything and come here. He told me,
“I saw a vision, I was in a huge plane, long and wide. I was carrying it on my shoulders and I walked from the
road to the desert for half a kilometer. I was dragging the plane.” I listened to him and I prayed to Allah to
help him. Another person told me that last year he saw, but I didn't understand and I told him I don't
understand. He said, “I saw people who left for jihad...and they found themselves in New Washington
and New York.” I said, “What is this?” He told me the plane hit the building. That was last year. We haven't
thought much about it. But, when the incidents happened he came to me and said, “Did you see...this is
strange.” I have another god...he said and swore by Allah that his wife had seen the incident a
week earlier.

She saw the plane crashing into a building...that was unbelievable, my god.

UBL: The brothers, who conducted the operation, all they knew was that they have a martyrdom operation and
we asked each of them to go to America but they didn’t know anything about the operation, not even one letter.
But they were trained and we did not reveal the operation to them until they are there and just before they
boarded the planes.

UBL: (...inaudible...) then he said: Those who were trained to fly didn’t know the others. One group of people
did not know the other group. (...inaudible...) (Someone in the crowd asks UBL to tell the Shaykh about the
dream of ((Abu-Da’ud)).

UBL: We were at a camp of one of the brother’s guards in Qandahar. This brother belonged to the majority of
the group. He came close and told me that he saw, in a dream, a tall building in America, and in the same
dream he saw Mukhtar teaching them how to play karate. At that point, I was worried that maybe the secret
would be revealed if everyone starts seeing it in their dream. So I closed the subject. I told him if he sees
another dream, not to tell anybody, because people will be upset with him. (Another person’s voice can be
heard recounting his dream about two planes hitting a big building).

UBL: They were overjoyed when the first plane hit the building, so I said to them: be patient.

UBL: The difference between the first and the second plane hitting the towers was twenty minutes. And the
difference between the first plane and the plane that hit the Pentagon was one hour.

Shaykh: They (the Americans) were terrified thinking there was a coup. [Note: Ayman Al-Zawahri says first
he commended UBL's awareness of what the media is saying. Then he says it was the first time for them
(Americans) to feel danger coming at them.] UBL (reciting a poem): I witness that against the sharp blade
They always faced difficulties and stood together... When the darkness comes upon us and we are bit by a
Sharp tooth, I say... “Our homes are flooded with blood and the tyrant Is freely wandering in our homes”...
And from the battlefield vanished The brightness of swords and the horses... And over weeping sounds now
We hear the beats of drums and rhythm… They are storming his forts And shouting: “We will not stop our
raids Until you free our lands”...

Bin Laden visit footage complete. Footage of the visit to the helicopter site follows the poem.

Click on the December 13th Pentagon photo for a larger image.
Pentagon Videotape
Armor Label From
a U.S. Helicopter
Click on the December 13th Pentagon photo for a larger image.
Get Videotape from
Pentagon on
December 13, 2001
Click on the December 13th Pentagon photo for a larger image.
Videotape Distributed
by the Pentagon on
December 13, 2001
Click on the December 13th Pentagon photo for a larger image.
Pentagon Videotape
A Map From a
U.S. Helicopter
The Washington Post First Reported the Existence of the Osama bin Laden Videotape.
The Following Story Was Reported by the Washington Post:
Sunday, December 9, 2001 Page A01
By Walter Pincus and Karen DeYoung / Washington Post Staff Writers
© Washington Post

New Tape Points to bin Laden / Words Suggest September 11 Planning Role

The United States has obtained a videotape of Osama bin Laden describing the damage around the World
Trade Center -- where the twin towers and other buildings were destroyed -- as being much greater than he
had expected, according to senior government officials.

On the tape, which was obtained in Afghanistan during the search of a private home in Jalalabad, bin Laden
praised God for far greater success than he expected, using language that indicated he was familiar with the
planning of the attacks, according to one of the officials.

The administration has blamed bin Laden for the Sept. 11 attacks but has not released evidence showing that
he directly planned or ordered them. Although officials have said they have intercepted communications
allegedly tying bin Laden or his associates to the hijackers, they have not released any such material,
citing intelligence concerns.

The videotape discovered in Jalalabad offers the most conclusive evidence of a connection between bin Laden
and the Sept. 11 attacks in New York and Washington, according to government officials who have been briefed
on its contents or have read transcripts.

Senior Bush administration officials are debating whether and how to release the videotape, which some
officials hope could tamp down concern in the Muslim world that Washington has unjustly accused bin Laden.

"It is very clear that bin Laden not only had advance knowledge [of the Sept. 11 attacks], but [the video] is
proof he was responsible for planning," said one senior official who has been shown a transcript of the

The 40-minute tape, which an official said appears to have been shot by an amateur, has been viewed by
very senior Bush administration officials within the past week. Fearful it might be a fake, officials sent it to
outside experts for review, and they declared it "legitimate," one senior official said.

On the tape, according to one official who has heard a description of its contents, bin Laden said he was at a
dinner when first word came that a plane had crashed into a World Trade Center tower. Bin Laden said that he
told the others at the dinner, and that they cheered. He then indicated on the tape that more is coming,
according to the official.

Bin Laden used his outstretched hands to explain that he expected only the top of the Trade Center towers to
collapse, down to the level where the airliners struck. The eventual total collapse of both towers, the al Qaeda
leader said, was totally unexpected.

U.S. intelligence officials are not certain as to why the tape was shot, but in other cases such tapes have been
used by al Qaeda for recruitment purposes, a senior official said. Government officials declined to offer more
details of how the videotape fell into the U.S. government's hands or which agency obtained it.

The new videotape is not the one described last month by British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Intelligence
sources had obtained only a transcript of that tape, not the actual video.

Blair, in a Nov. 10 speech to Parliament, said the transcript of an Oct. 20 video shows that bin Laden was
asked by an interviewer about the New York and Washington attacks. Blair said the al Qaeda leader replied:
"It is what we instigated, for a while, in self defense. And it was revenge for our people killed in Palestine
and Iraq."

A decision on whether to release information on the newly discovered tape is in the hands of presidential
counselor Karen Hughes, according to a senior official familiar with the situation.

Shortly after the September terrorist attacks, President Bush gave Hughes the task of managing the White
House information flow on the Afghan war. Hughes heads a special White House-based public relations
operation that the United States and Britain began early last month to win international public support,
particularly in the Islamic world, for the anti-terrorist campaign.

The public relations group has been concerned with the lack of U.S. credibility in the Muslim world, and
recent discussions about release of the tape have focused on how to get Arab audiences to believe its
contents -- something that might not happen if Washington was the source of the release.

Asked yesterday about the bin Laden tape, Hughes responded through deputy White House communications
director Jim Wilkinson: "We cannot confirm or deny this report. As a matter of practice, we do not comment
on matters of intelligence or military activities."

Secretary of State Colin L. Powell promised on Sept. 23 that the United States would produce a document
containing compelling evidence bin Laden and his network were responsible for the attacks. He later said
the material was classified and could not be released.

On Oct. 4, however, Blair used a speech to Parliament to lay out the U.S. proof. He said that Western
governments had evidence that bin Laden indicated, before the attacks, he was preparing "a major attack
on America" and that he ordered associates to return to Afghanistan by Sept. 10. Blair also said a top
al Qaeda lieutenant admitted the bin Laden organization was responsible for the suicide attacks. That person
has not been identified and has not made any statements in public.

Evidence shown by U.S. officials to the government of Pakistan on Oct. 4 provided "sufficient basis for
indictment" of bin Laden in a court of law, that country's Foreign Ministry spokesman, Riaz Muhammad Khan,
said without providing details.

Last month, in releasing a 23-page update of intelligence findings, British officials said that another bin
Laden associate had admitted that he trained some of the hijackers. That individual, also, has neither
been identified nor has made any statement in public.

Bin Laden, himself, has denied a role in the attacks. On Sept. 12, the day after the attacks, a bin Laden aide
told an interviewer from al Jazeera television over a satellite phone that the al Qaeda leader "thanked Almighty
Allah and bowed before him when he heard this news," but that "he had no information or knowledge about
the attack."

On Sept. 17, a bin Laden aide gave the Afghan Islamic Press a statement in which bin Laden said: "I have
taken an oath of allegiance to [Mullah Omar, head of Afghanistan] which does not allow me to do such things
from Afghanistan. We have been blamed in the past, but we were not involved."

In a tape prepared for release over al-Jazeera television after the first U.S. missiles fell on Afghanistan on
Oct. 7, bin Laden again praised the "groups of Islam, vanguards of Islam . . . [who] destroyed America,"
adding, "I pray to God to elevate their status and bless them." But he again did not accept responsibility
for the attack.

September 11 - Osama bin Laden and the Evidence. Evidence against Osama bin Laden and his organization who are wanted by world governments for acts of terrorism at the WTC in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington on 9-11-2001. On October 3, 2001 Tony
Blair's U.K. Government
released the following
document as evidence
 against Osama bin Laden
and his al-Qaeda network
for their involvement in
the September 11 terrorist
attacks against the USA.
October 3, 2001, 10 Downing Street, Home of U.K. PM Tony Blair

This document does not purport to provide a prosecutable case against Usama Bin Laden in a court of law. Intelligence often cannot be used evidentially, due both to the strict rules of admissibility and to the need to protect the safety of sources. But on the basis of all the information available HMG is confident of its conclusions as expressed in this document.



1. The clear conclusions reached by the government are:

  • Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida, the terrorist network which he heads, planned and carried out the atrocities on 11 September 2001;
  • Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida retain the will and resources to carry out further atrocities;
  • the United Kingdom, and United Kingdom nationals are potential targets; and
  • Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida were able to commit these atrocities because of their close alliance with the Taleban régime, which allowed them to operate with impunity in pursuing their terrorist activity.

2. The material in respect of 1998 and the USS Cole comes from indictments and intelligence sources. The material in respect of 11 September comes from intelligence and the criminal investigation to date. The details of some aspects cannot be given, but the facts are clear from the intelligence.

3. The document does not contain the totality of the material known to HMG, given the continuing and absolute need to protect intelligence sources.


4. The relevant facts show:


  • Al Qaida is a terrorist organisation with ties to a global network, which has been in existence for over 10 years. It was founded, and has been led at all times, by Usama Bin Laden.
  • Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida have been engaged in a jihad against the United States, and its allies. One of their stated aims is the murder of US citizens, and attacks on America’s allies.
  • Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida have been based in Afghanistan since 1996, but have a network of operations throughout the world. The network includes training camps, warehouses, communication facilities and commercial operations able to raise significant sums of money to support its activity. That activity includes substantial exploitation of the illegal drugs trade from Afghanistan.
  • Usama Bin Laden’s Al Qaida and the Taleban régime have a close and mutually dependent alliance. Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida provide the Taleban régime with material, financial and military support. They jointly exploit the drugs trade. The Taleban régime allows Bin Laden to operate his terrorist training camps and activities from Afghanistan, protects him from attacks from outside, and protects the drugs stockpiles. Usama Bin Laden could not operate his terrorist activities without the alliance and support of the Taleban régime. The Taleban’s strength would be seriously weakened without Usama Bin Laden’s military and financial support.
  • Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida have the capability to execute major terrorist attacks.
  • Usama Bin Laden has claimed credit for the attack on US soldiers in Somalia in October 1993, which killed 18; for the attack on the US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in August 1998 which killed 224 and injured nearly 5000; and were linked to the attack on the USS Cole on 12 October 2000, in which 17 crew members were killed and 40 others injured.
  • They have sought to acquire nuclear and chemical materials for use as terrorist weapons.

In relation to the terrorist attacks on 11 September

5. After 11 September we learned that, not long before, Bin Laden had indicated he was about to launch a major attack on America. The detailed planning for the terrorist attacks of 11 September was carried out by one of UBL’s close associates. Of the 19 hijackers involved in 11 September 2001, it has already been established that at least three had links with Al Qaida. The attacks on 11 September 2001 were similar in both their ambition and intended impact to previous attacks undertaken by Usama Bin laden and Al Qaida, and also had features in common. In particular:

    • Suicide attackers
      1. Co-ordinated attacks on the same day
      2. The aim to cause maximum American casualties
      3. Total disregard for other casualties, including Muslim
    • Meticulous long-term planning
      1. Absence of warning.

6. Al Qaida retains the capability and the will to make further attacks on the US and its allies, including the United Kingdom.

7. Al Qaida gives no warning of terrorist attack.


Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida

8. In 1989 Usama Bin Laden, and others, founded an international terrorist group known as "Al Qaida" (the Base). At all times he has been the leader of Al Qaida.

9. From 1989 until 1991 Usama Bin Laden was based in Afghanistan and Peshawar, Pakistan. In 1991 he moved to Sudan, where he stayed until 1996. In that year he returned to Afghanistan, where he remains.

The Taleban Regime

10. The Taleban emerged from the Afghan refugee camps in Pakistan in the early 1990s. By 1996 they had captured Kabul. They are still engaged in a bloody civil war to control the whole of Afghanistan. They are led by Mullah Omar.

11. In 1996 Usama Bin Laden moved back to Afghanistan. He established a close relationship with Mullah Omar, and threw his support behind the Taleban. Usama Bin Laden and the Taleban régime have a close alliance on which both depend for their continued existence. They also share the same religious values and vision.

12. Usama Bin Laden has provided the Taleban régime with troops, arms, and money to fight the Northern Alliance. He is closely involved with Taleban military training, planning and operations. He has representatives in the Taleban military command structure. He has also given infrastruture assistance and humanitarian aid. Forces under the control of Usama Bin Laden have fought alongside the Taleban in the civil war in Afghanistan.

13. Omar has provided Bin Laden with a safe haven in which to operate, and has allowed him to establish terrorist training camps in Afghanistan. They jointly exploit the Afghan drugs trade. In return for active Al Qaida support, the Taleban allow Al Qaida to operate freely, including planning, training and preparing for terrorist activity. In addition the Taleban provide security for the stockpiles of drugs.

14. Since 1996, when the Taleban captured Kabul, the United States government has consistently raised with them a whole range of issues, including humanitarian aid and terrorism. Well before 11 September 2001 they had provided evidence to the Taleban of the responsibility of Al Qaida for the terrorist attacks in East Africa. This evidence had been provided to senior leaders of the Taleban at their request.

15. The United States government had made it clear to the Taleban regime that Al Qaida had murdered US citizens, and planned to murder more. The US offered to work with the Taleban to expel the terrorists from Afghanistan. These talks, which have been continuing since 1996, have failed to produce any results.

16. In June 2001, in the face of mounting evidence of the Al Qaida threat, the United States warned the Taleban that it had the right to defend itself and that it would hold the régime responsible for attacks against US citizens by terrorists sheltered in Afghanistan.

17. In this, the United States had the support of the United Nations. The Security Council, in Resolution 1267, condemned Usama Bin Laden for sponsoring international terrorism and operating a network of terrorist camps, and demanded that the Taleban surrender Usama Bin Laden without further delay so that he could be brought to justice.

18. Despite the evidence provided by the US of the responsibility of Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida for the 1998 East Africa bombings, despite the accurately perceived threats of further atrocities, and despite the demands of the United Nations, the Taleban régime responded by saying no evidence existed against Usama Bin Laden, and that neither he nor his network would be expelled.

19. A former Government official in Afghanistan has described the Taleban and Usama Bin Laden as "two sides of the same coin: Usama cannot exist in Afghanistan without the Taleban and the Taleban cannot exist without Usama."

Al Qaida

20. Al Qaida is dedicated to opposing ‘un-Islamic’ governments in Muslim countries with force and violence.

21. Al Qaida virulently opposes the United States. Usama Bin Laden has urged and incited his followers to kill American citizens, in the most unequivocal terms.

22. On 12 October 1996 he issued a declaration of jihad as follows:

"The people of Islam have suffered from aggression, iniquity and injustice imposed by the Zionist-Crusader alliance and their collaborators . . .

It is the duty now on every tribe in the Arabian peninsula to fight jihad and cleanse the land from these Crusader occupiers. Their wealth is booty to those who kill them.

My Muslim brothers: your brothers in Palestine and in the land of the two Holy Places [i.e. Saudi Arabia] are calling upon your help and asking you to take part in fighting against the enemy – the Americans and the Israelis. They are asking you to do whatever you can to expel the enemies out of the sanctities of Islam."

Later in the same year he said that

"terrorising the American occupiers [of Islamic Holy Places] is a religious and logical obligation."

In February 1998 he issued and signed a ‘fatwa’ which included a decree to all Muslims:

". . . the killing of Americans and their civilian and military allies is a religious duty for each and every Muslim to be carried out in whichever country they are until Al Aqsa mosque has been liberated from their grasp and until their armies have left Muslim lands."

In the same ‘fatwa’ he called on Muslim scholars and their leaders and their youths to

"launch an attack on the American soldiers of Satan."

and concluded:

"We – with God’s help – call on every Muslim who believes in God and wishes to be rewarded to comply with God’s order to kill Americans and plunder their money whenever and wherever they find it. We also call on Muslims . . . to launch the raid on Satan’s US troops and the devil’s supporters allying with them, and to displace those who are behind them."

When asked, in 1998, about obtaining chemical or nuclear weapons he said

"acquiring such weapons for the defence of Muslims [was] a religious duty."

In an interview aired on Al Jazira (Doha, Qatar) television he stated:

"Our enemy is every American male, whether he is directly fighting us or paying taxes."

In two interviews broadcast on US television in 1997 and 1998 he referred to the terrorists who carried out the earlier attack on the World Trade Center in 1993 as "role models". He went on to exhort his followers "to take the fighting to America."

23. From the early 1990s Usama Bin Laden has sought to obtain nuclear and chemical materials for use as weapons of terror.

24. Although US targets are Al Qaida’s priority, it also explicitly threatens the United States’ allies. References to "Zionist-Crusader alliance and their collaborators," and to "Satan’s US troops and the devil’s supporters allying with them" are references which unquestionably include the United Kingdom.

25. There is a continuing threat. Based on our experience of the way the network has operated in the past, other cells, like those that carried out the terrorist attacks on 11 September, must be assumed to exist.

26. Al Qaida functions both on its own and through a network of other terrorist organisations. These include Egyptian Islamic Jihad and other north African Islamic extremist terrorist groups, and a number of other jihadi groups in other countries including the Sudan, Yemen, Somalia, Pakistan and India. Al Qaida also maintains cells and personnel in a number of other countries to facilitate its activities.

27. Usama Bin Laden heads the Al Qaida network. Below him is a body known as the Shura, which includes representatives of other terrorist groups, such as Egyptian Islamic Jihad leader Ayman Zawahiri and prominent lieutenants of Bin Laden such as Abu Hafs Al-Masri. Egyptian Islamic Jihad has, in effect, merged with Al Qaida.

28. In addition to the Shura, Al Qaida has several groups dealing with military, media, financial and Islamic issues.

29. Mohamed Atef is a member of the group that deals with military and terrorist operations. His duties include principal responsibility for training Al Qaida members.

30. Members of Al Qaida must make a pledge of allegiance to follow the orders of Usama Bin Laden.

31. A great deal of evidence about Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida has been made available in the US indictment for earlier crimes.

32. Since 1989, Usama Bin Laden has conducted substantial financial and business transactions on behalf of Al Qaida and in pursuit of its goals. These include purchasing land for training camps, purchasing warehouses for the storage of items, including explosives, purchasing communications and electronics equipment, and transporting currency and weapons to members of Al Qaida and associated terrorist groups in countries throughout the world.

33. Since 1989 Usama Bin Laden has provided training camps and guest houses in Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Sudan, Somalia and Kenya for the use of Al Qaida and associated terrorist groups. We know from intelligence that there are currently at least a dozen camps across Afghanistan, of which at least four are used for training terrorists.

34. Since 1989, Usama Bin Laden has established a series of businesses to provide income for Al Qaida, and to provide cover for the procurement of explosives, weapons and chemicals, and for the travel of Al Qaida operatives. The businesses have included a holding company known as ‘Wadi Al Aqiq’, a construction business known as ‘Al Hijra’, an agricultural business known as ‘Al Themar Al Mubaraka’, and investment companies known as ‘Ladin International’ and ‘Taba Investments’.

Usama Bin Laden and previous attacks

35. In 1992 and 1993 Mohamed Atef travelled to Somalia on several occasions for the purpose of organising violence against United States and United Nations troops then stationed in Somalia. On each occasion he reported back to Usama Bin Laden, at his base in the Riyadh district of Khartoum.

36. In the spring of 1993 Atef, Saif al Adel, another senior member of Al Qaida, and other members began to provide military training to Somali tribes for the purpose of fighting the United Nations forces.

37. On 3 and 4 October 1993 operatives of Al Qaida participated in the attack on US military personnel serving in Somalia as part of the operation ‘Restore Hope.’ Eighteen US military personnel were killed in the attack.

38. From 1993 members of Al Qaida began to live in Nairobi and set up businesses there, including Asma Ltd, and Tanzanite King. They were regularly visited there by senior members of Al Qaida, in particular by Atef and Abu Ubadiah al Banshiri.

39. Beginning in the latter part of 1993, members of Al Qaida in Kenya began to discuss the possibility of attacking the US Embassy in Nairobi in retaliation for US participation in Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. Ali Mohamed, a US citizen and admitted member of Al Qaida, surveyed the US Embassy as a possible target for a terrorist attack. He took photographs and made sketches, which he presented to Usama Bin Laden while Bin Laden was in Sudan. He also admitted that he had trained terrorists for Al Qaida in Afghanistan in the early 1990s, and that those whom he trained included many involved in the East African bombings in August 1998.

40. In June or July 1998, two Al Qaida operatives, Fahid Mohammed Ali Msalam and Sheik Ahmed Salim Swedan, purchased a Toyota truck and made various alterations to the back of the truck.

41. In early August 1998, operatives of Al Qaida gathered in 43, New Runda Estates, Nairobi to execute the bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi.

42. On 7 August 1998, Assam, a Saudi national and Al Qaida operative, drove the Toyota truck to the US embassy. There was a large bomb in the back of the truck.

43. Also in the truck was Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al ‘Owali, another Saudi. He, by his own confession, was an Al Qaida operative, who from about 1996 had been trained in Al Qaida camps in Afghanistan in explosives, hijacking, kidnapping, assassination and intelligence techniques. With Usama Bin Laden’s express permission, he fought alongside the Taleban in Afghanistan. He had met Usama Bin Laden personally in 1996 and asked for another ‘mission.’ Usama Bin Laden sent him to East Africa after extensive specialised training at camps in Afghanistan.

44. As the truck approached the Embassy, Al ’Owali got out and threw a stun grenade at a security guard. Assam drove the truck up to the rear of the embassy. He got out and then detonated the bomb, which demolished a multi-storey secretarial college and severely damaged the US embassy, and the Co-operative bank building. The bomb killed 213 people and injured 4500. Assam was killed in the explosion.

45. Al ‘Owali expected the mission to end in his death. He had been willing to die for Al Qaida. But at the last minute he ran away from the bomb truck and survived. He had no money, passport or plan to escape after the mission, because he had expected to die.

46. After a few days, he called a telephone number in Yemen to have money transferred to him in Kenya. The number he rang in Yemen was contacted by Usama Bin Laden’s phone on the same day as Al ‘Owali was arranging to get the money.

47. Another person arrested in connection with the Nairobi bombing was Mohamed Sadeek Odeh. He admitted to his involvement. He identified the principal participants in the bombing. He named three other persons, all of whom were Al Qaida or Egyptian Islamic Jihad members.

48. In Dar es Salaam the same day, at about the same time, operatives of Al Qaida detonated a bomb at the US embassy, killing 11 people. The Al Qaida operatives involved included Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil and Khaflan Khamis Mohamed. The bomb was carried in a Nissan Atlas truck, which Ahmed Khfaklan Ghailani and Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan, two Al Qaida operatives, had purchased in July 1998, in Dar es Salaam.

49. Khaflan Khamis Mohamed was arrested for the bombing. He admitted membership of Al Qaida, and implicated other members of Al Qaida in the bombing.

50. On 7 and 8 August 1998, two other members of Al Qaida disseminated claims of responsibility for the two bombings by sending faxes to media organisations in Paris, Doha in Qatar, and Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.

51. Additional evidence of the involvement of Al Qaida in the East African bombings came from a search conducted in London of several residences and businesses belonging to Al Qaida and Egyptian Islamic Jihad members. In those searches a number of documents were found including claims of responsibility for the East African bombings in the name of a fictitious group, ‘the Islamic Army for the liberation of the Holy Places.’

52. Al ‘Owali, the would-be suicide bomber, admitted he was told to make a videotape of himself using the name of the same fictitious group.

53. The faxed claims of responsibility were traced to a telephone number, which had been in contact with Usama Bin Laden’s cell phone. The claims disseminated to the press were clearly written by someone familiar with the conspiracy. They stated that the bombings had been carried out by two Saudis in Kenya, and one Egyptian in Dar es Salaam. They were probably sent before the bombings had even taken place. They referred to two Saudis dying in the Nairobi attack. In fact, because Al ‘Owali fled at the last minute, only one Saudi died.

54. On 22 December 1998 Usama Bin Laden was asked by Time magazine whether he was responsible for the August 1998 attacks. He replied:

"The International Islamic Jihad Front for the jihad against the US and Israel has, by the grace of God, issued a crystal clear fatwa calling on the Islamic nation to carry on Jihad aimed at liberating the holy sites. The nation of Mohammed has responded to this appeal. If instigation for jihad against the Jews and the Americans . . . is considered to be a crime, then let history be a witness that I am a criminal. Our job is to instigate and, by the grace of God, we did that, and certain people responded to this instigation."

He was asked if he knew the attackers:

". . . those who risked their lives to earn the pleasure of God are real men. They managed to rid the Islamic nation of disgrace. We hold them in the highest esteem."

And what the US could expect of him:

". . . any thief or criminal who enters another country to steal should expect to be exposed to murder at any time . . . The US knows that I have attacked it, by the grace of God, for more than ten years now . . . God knows that we have been pleased by the killing of American soldiers [in Somalia in 1993]. This was achieved by the grace of God and the efforts of the mujahideen . . . Hostility towards America is a religious duty and we hope to be rewarded for it by God. I am confident that Muslims will be able to end the legend of the so-called superpower that is America."

55. In December 1999 a terrorist cell linked to Al Qaida was discovered trying to carry out attacks inside the United States. An Algerian, Ahmed Ressam, was stopped at the US-Canadian border and over 100 lbs of bomb making material was found in his car. Ressam admitted he was planning to set off a large bomb at Los Angeles International airport on New Year’s Day. He said that he had received terrorist training at Al Qaida camps in Afghanistan and then been instructed to go abroad and kill US civilians and military personnel.

56. On 3 January 2000, a group of Al Qaida members, and other terrorists who had trained in Al Qaida camps in Afghanistan, attempted to attack a US destroyer with a small boat loaded with explosives. Their boat sank, aborting the attack.

57. On 12 October 2000, however, the USS Cole was struck by an explosive-laden boat while refuelling in Aden harbour. Seventeen crew were killed, and 40 injured.

58. Several of the perpetrators of the Cole attack (mostly Yemenis and Saudis) were trained at Usama Bin Laden’s camps in Afghanistan. Al ‘Owali has identified the two commanders of the attack on the USS Cole as having participated in the planning and preparation for the East African embassy bombings.

59. In the months before the September 11 attacks, propaganda videos were distributed throughout the Middle East and Muslim world by Al Qaida, in which Usama Bin Laden and others were shown encouraging Muslims to attack American and Jewish targets.

60. Similar videos, extolling violence against the United States and other targets, were distributed before the East African embassy attacks in August 1998.

Usama Bin Laden and the 11 September attacks

61. Nineteen men have been identified as the hijackers from the passenger lists of the four planes hijacked on 11 September 2001. At least three of them have already been positively identified as associates of Al Qaida. One has been identified as playing key roles in both the East African embassy attacks and the USS Cole attack. Investigations continue into the backgrounds of all the hijackers.

62. From intelligence sources, the following facts have been established subsequent to 11 September; for intelligence reasons, the names of associates, though known, are not given.

  • In the run-up to 11 September, bin Laden was mounting a concerted propaganda campaign amongst like-minded groups of people – including videos and documentation – justifying attacks on Jewish and American targets; and claiming that those who died in the course of them were carrying out God’s work.
  • We have learned, subsequent to 11 September, that Bin Laden himself asserted shortly before 11 September that he was preparing a major attack on America.
  • In August and early September close associates of Bin Laden were warned to return to Afghanistan from other parts of the world by 10 September.
  • Immediately prior to 11 September some known associates of Bin Laden were naming the date for action as on or around 11 September.
  • Since 11 September we have learned that one of Bin Laden’s closest and most senior associates was responsible for the detailed planning of the attacks.
  • There is evidence of a very specific nature relating to the guilt of Bin Laden and his associates that is too sensitive to release.

63. Usama Bin Laden remains in charge, and the mastermind, of Al Qaida. In Al Qaida, an operation on the scale of the 11 September attacks would have been approved by Usama Bin Laden himself.

64. The modus operandi of 11 September was entirely consistent with previous attacks. Al Qaida’s record of atrocities is characterised by meticulous long term planning, a desire to inflict mass casualties, suicide bombers, and multiple simultaneous attacks.

65. The attacks of 11 September 2001 are entirely consistent with the scale and sophistication of the planning which went into the attacks on the East African Embassies and the USS Cole. No warnings were given for these three attacks, just as there was none on 11 September.

66. Al Qaida operatives, in evidence given in the East African Embassy bomb trials, have described how the group spends years preparing for an attack. They conduct repeated surveillance, patiently gather materials, and identify and vet operatives, who have the skills to participate in the attack and the willingness to die for their cause.

67. The operatives involved in the 11 September atrocities attended flight schools, used flight simulators to study the controls of larger aircraft and placed potential airports and routes under surveillance.

68. Al Qaida’s attacks are characterised by total disregard for innocent lives, including Muslims. In an interview after the East African bombings, Usama Bin Laden insisted that the need to attack the United States excused the killing of other innocent civilians, Muslim and non-Muslim alike.

69. No other organisation has both the motivation and the capability to carry out attacks like those of the 11 September – only the Al Qaida network under Usama Bin Laden.


70. The attacks of the 11 September 2001 were planned and carried out by Al Qaida, an organisation whose head is Usama Bin Laden. That organisation has the will, and the resources, to execute further attacks of similar scale. Both the United States and its close allies are targets for such attacks. The attack could not have occurred without the alliance between the Taleban and Usama Bin Laden, which allowed Bin Laden to operate freely in Afghanistan, promoting, planning and executing terrorist activity.

Osama Speeches
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Click here to read the text of Osama bin Laden's October 7, 2001, November 3, 2001, and December 26, 2001 Al-Jazeera TV broadcasts.Click here for informatiom on Osama bin Laden, the Taliban, Jihads or Holy Wars, and fatwas declared against the United States. Osama Profile
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